Influence of reinforcement of ploughshares surface on their thickness wear

    N.Yu. Kozhukhova, PhD in Engineering
    N.V. Sinyaya, PhD in Engineering

    Bryansk State Agrarian University, Kokino, Bryansk region, Russia, spo@bgsha.com

Abstract
Wear intensity of working surface of a part is the major factor influencing its durability. To reduce the wear of parts of working organs of tillage machines, a number of processing methods of their hardening is created; one of them is welding reinforcement. The assessment of ploughshare thickness wear and of influence of its surface reinforcement on wear intensity is carried out. Ploughshares in as-delivered condition and ploughshares after reinforcement according to three processing methods are used as objects of the research. Wear of reinforcing beads height and wear of ploughshare thickness between them are determined. Attrition of the beads occurs unevenly along the length of sock because of the high pressure of soil on ploughshare sock. It is also necessary to consider the fan-shaped soil movement along the ploughshare sock. It is shown that reinforcing beads essentially slow down the abrasive wear of ploughshare thickness between them. That is related to the fact that riffles create the conditions for the formation of fluidized layer between them, and thereby less soil particles get into contacting area. The quantity of abrasive particles contacting with working surface and their pressure on ploughshare body are decreased. When attrition of welding bead is flush with working surface, the composite surface is formed; thereon the maximum hardness is observed, which contributes to the increase in abrasive wear resistance. Traces of reinforcing beads with high degree of hardness also have a positive effect. Due to breaking-in of surface and forming of composite surface, the wear intensity decreases.

Keywords:
ploughshare; welding reinforcement; wear; wear intensity; thickness; height of bead.

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